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Wine Regions

Porto and Douro
01: Baixo Corgo
02: Alto Corgo
03: Douro Superior
Description of Porto's and Douro's Region
Douro is one of the wildest and most rugged regions in Portugal, carved by the valley of the Douro River and the poverty of the schistous soils.

Nowhere else in Portugal is man's intervention in the landscape so evident, visible in the thousands of terraces scattered throughout the region, defying the gravity of the steep slopes where the vines are planted. For its beauty and monumentality, the region was recognized by UNESCO as a "World Heritage Site".

Douro region runs along the axis of the River Douro, stretching from the Spanish border to about ninety kilometres from the city of Porto.

Highly mountainous, the region is protected from the Atlantic influence by the Serra do Marão. The climate is usually dry, with cold winters and very hot summers, ranging from moderate rainfall in the west to the almost desert-like dryness of the land near the border.

It is in Douro that Port Wine is born, the main ambassador of national wines, supported in the last two decades by the still wines of the Douro that have gained consideration and independence, asserting themselves today as a source of redoubled notoriety for the region.


As Port wine exports increased, the practice of adding brandy started. This way, the wine resisted the sea journey unaltered and the stop of the fermentation process with brandy made the wine sweeter and more appropriate to the taste of the English market.

Douro: Demarcated Region

In 1756 the Companhia Geral da Agricultura das Vinhas do Alto Douro was created. This organisation's main competencies were to limit the region and register the vines, classify the wines according to their quality and establish certain winemaking practices in the region. It was the birth of one of the world's first demarcated regions.

The name Porto

The name "do Porto" comes from the fact that the wine was stored and sold from the port located between the city of Porto and Vila Nova de Gaia. The wine would go down the Douro River in rabelo boats and age in the warehouses of Vila Nova de Gaia, since this area has little temperature variation during the year.

The rarest Port wine

The most expensive and rarest Port wine in the world is produced by Quinta do Noval. Its National Vintage Port is produced rarely and always in limited numbers (200 to 250 cases). One of its particularities is the fact that the grapes come from vines planted without rootstocks, very old and rare in the region.

Discover other Regions:
Távora and Varosa
Dão and Lafões
Beira Interior
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